Parenting Tips

Types Of Childcare Programmes

Finding a preschool that suits best for your child could be overwhelming as there are different types of childcare out there. Every child is unique and develops at his/her own pace and style. Therefore, it is important to enroll him/her for a preschool curriculum which best supports his development without forcing him/her for something he/she doesn’t enjoy.

Preschool is the first step of your child’s formal education. As the first impression matters a lot, the preschool experience of your child should never be a burden to him/her (or to you as a parent)

Here are the most common types of childcare programmes in Singapore. Read on to find out which suits best for your child!


This method was developed by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori. This approach is based on self-directed activity, hands-on learning and collaborative play. Teachers at the preschool provide a gentle guidance in all table activities and out-side the classroom activities to develop a child’s senses, personality, practical life skills and also to improve academic skills.


Waldorf Steiner Method

This approach is based on the teachings of Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner. The main focus of this method is on the child’s interests.It believes in giving plenty of opportunities to children to involve in practical activities as it will help them learn better through sensory experiences. This method promotes a child’s early education in a supportive environment with creative, hands-on group learning.

Reggio Emilia Approach

This approach was developed by psychologist Loris Malaguzzi and parents in the villages around Reggio Emilia in Italy. Relationships of a child with parents, family members, teachers, friends and others play a central role in this method as it strives to enhance a preschooler’s learning experience through healthy relations. Interpersonal and communication skills and the ability to socialize is the basis of this approach. Apart from verbal communication and self-expression, this method also focuses on child-led creative activities and projects as they too help children express their ideas and interests.

Play Based curriculum

This method is primarily based on the concepts of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky who believed that children can learn the most when they are given plenty of opportunities for active play. Children are given opportunity to interact with materials in a child-friendly environment as it encourages a child to learn many different things in a manner that is fun and interesting.

Theory of Multiple Intelligences

This approach was developed by American developmental psychologist Howard Gardner. This method aims to develop multiple intelligences in young learners. According to this theory, there are eight main intelligences.

Linguistic – This involves the ability to communicate with languages both in written and spoken forms.

Logical/Mathematical – This form of intelligence mainly focuses on reasoning capabilities and scientific investigation.

Body Kinesthetic – This means the ability to coordinate bodily movements well having a good control of the body.

Musical – Musical intelligence involves awareness of different aspects of sound and music such as pitch, tone and rhythmic patterns.

Interpersonal - This relates to the relationships a child has with others (parents, siblings, teachers, friends etc)

Intrapersonal – This is about having a strong sense of one’s own self. Children with high intrapersonal intelligence understand themselves better as well as their wants and needs.

Naturalist/Environmentalist – This involves how a child relates to the environment and natural surroundings.

Visual/Spatial – Children with high visual intelligence learn best using pictures, visuals and imagery.

Attending a high-quality childcare programme that matches best with your child’s inner-self will prepare him/her better for school and beyond. As a parent, it is your responsibility to understand your child’s character and personality to identify what childcare approach would suit him/her.

 So what method would you select for your child?